Muscle dysmorphia and Self-esteem in former and current users of anabolic-androgenic steroids

Greenway, Charlotte (2019) Muscle dysmorphia and Self-esteem in former and current users of anabolic-androgenic steroids. Performance Enhancement & Health. ISSN 2211-2669 (In Press)

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Abstract

Anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use is on the rise in non-competitive weightlifters in the UK. Although research has reported motives that include low self-esteem and muscle dysmorphia, their role in AAS use remains unclear. The present study examined self-esteem and muscle dysmorphia symptoms, and how they contribute to the initiation, cessation and continued use of AAS. Fifty current AAS users, 48 former users and 50 non-users completed a muscle dysmorphia and self-esteem scale and answered open-ended questions based on their motivations for use. The lowest self-esteem levels were found in current and former users, and MD symptoms were highest in current users. Current and former users reported the same reasons behind their initiation, but their order of importance differed. Concerning direction of causality, MD symptoms had led to AAS use for former users, whereas current users appeared to develop MD symptoms post-AAS use. These findings are discussed in relation to previous literature, along with the implications for future intervention programmes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anabolic-androgenic steroids; Muscle dysmorphia; Self-esteem; Non-competitive weightlifters; Motivations.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Yr Athrofa – the Institute of Education > Psychology and Counselling
Depositing User: Charlotte Greenway
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2019 10:36
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2019 10:36
URI: http://repository.uwtsd.ac.uk/id/eprint/1139

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