Leadership Style's Effects on Intrapreneurship and Organisational Performance: The Case of the Resort Islands in the Maldives

Ibrahim, Ameen (2023) Leadership Style's Effects on Intrapreneurship and Organisational Performance: The Case of the Resort Islands in the Maldives. Doctoral thesis, University of Wales Trinity Saint David.

Ibrahim. A (2023) DBA Leadership Style's Effects on Intrapreneurship thesis.pdf - Accepted Version
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Leadership style has been recognised as a significant influencer on employees’ intrapreneurship and organisational performance. Thus, this research investigates the effects of leadership styles among transformational and transactional leadership styles to improve employees’ intrapreneurship and organisational performance in the context of Small Island Developing States (SIDS), in particular in the Maldives resort islands. Further, the study examines the moderating role of intrapreneurship on the relationship between leadership style and organisational performance in those resorts. The Maldives is a high-end luxury holiday destination, and some resorts are ranked amongst the best hotels worldwide. The Maldives has been accorded the leading tourist destination award from the World Travel Awards (WTA) for three consecutive years (2020, 2021, and 2022) and received several prestigious honours; however, some resorts are experiencing multiple challenges in managing their businesses. Additionally, COVID-19 has strongly affected the industry, and several resorts are still struggling to return to normalcy. It is believed that organisational leadership style can significantly impact all aspects of organisational performance and improve employee intrapreneurship. Though leadership styles and performance are established researched domains of investigation, limited research is available in the Maldives and resort islands. After reviewing each of them, this research tests a hypothetical model of the transformational and transactional leadership styles. The study adopts a quantitative research method using the deductive approach with a descriptive correlational design. The case study strategy was used with stratified random sampling, and ten resorts rated four and five stars participated in this study. An online survey was conducted with a sample size of 500, gaining a 77.4% (387) response rate. The results indicated that the resorts’ managers employ transformational and transactional leadership styles; however, the transformational leadership style was dominant among them. Further, the research demonstrates that the transformational leadership style significantly impacts organisational performance and intrapreneurship among the two leadership styles studied. Also, employees exhibit intrapreneurship behaviours that have a significant and robust relationship with organisational performance and play a significant role in moderating the relationship between the transformational leadership style and organisational performance. The proposed model significantly contributes to theory and the current body of knowledge. Since limited research has been available investigating the relationship of intrapreneurship with leadership styles and organisational performance, the result of moderating the role of intrapreneurship in the existing theoretical models of the direct relationships between transformational and transactional leadership styles with organisational performance has contributed new insight into the constructs. As a result, a further understanding of the relationships of these concepts adds new knowledge to the literature on leadership and entrepreneurship in tourist organisations in SIDS like the Maldives. The research further helps resort owners, executives, and trainers choose a transformational leadership style to foster intrapreneurship among employees and escalate organisational performance in the resorts, ensuring leadership effectiveness and productivity by stimulating innovation and creativity among employees to achieve the organisational vision and objectives, to change threats into opportunities for the organisation, and ultimately become more proactive in dealing with competitive environments.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Leadership styles, Transformational, Transactional, Intrapreneurship, Performance, Maldives, Resorts
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Theses and Dissertations > Doctoral Theses
Depositing User: Victoria Hankinson
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2023 10:42
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2023 10:42
URI: https://repository.uwtsd.ac.uk/id/eprint/2688

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