The foundation phase in Wales, outdoor learning and motor development

Wainwright, Nalda (2021) The foundation phase in Wales, outdoor learning and motor development. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 21 (1). pp. 567-573. ISSN 2247-806X

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Introduction: Wales is a small country in the United Kingdom which has devolved government powers for Education. Since 2008 the curriculum in Wales has moved away from the traditional subject based approach in England with the development of The Foundation Phase. The Foundation Phase in Wales is a play-based curriculum for three- to seven-year-olds that emphasises the use of the outdoors. Research highlights the many benefits that are associated with learning in the outdoors for children’s development in relation to physical activity, motor development, and wider holistic development. Physicalactivity in early childhood is associated with motor development which in turn is associated with later physical activity in both later childhood and adolescents.Therefore, physical and outdoor experiences in early childhood education are important in relation to both children’s development and health. Material and Methods: Existing research in the field of outdoor education, motor development and playful pedagogy are examined in relation to the play based Welsh Curriculum. Original research into the implementation of the Foundation Phase in Wales whichexamined the contribution of the Foundation Phase to children’s physical development and wider learning is also examined. Results: The studies identified found that whilst supporting children’s engagement, well-being and locomotor skills, the Foundation Phase pupils were not developing proficiency in object control skills. Discussion: This paper discusses the implications of this in relation to pupils’ development and health. It outlines a programme of professional development that has been implemented in some regions in Wales to address this issue. However, motor development of children in Wales remains a cause for concern where staff have not yet received professional development to address this.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: CCBYNND
Uncontrolled Keywords: Motor development Play Outdoor learning Early childhood
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Institutes and Academies > Institute of Management and Health > Sport Health and Outdoor Education
Depositing User: Users 10 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2021 10:40
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2021 08:46

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