Cross-cultural Differences in Psychological Health During Covid-19

Mohamed, Noor Hassline and Beckstein, Amoneeta and Hutchings, Paul B. and Pang Tze Ping, Nicholas and Dawood, Sheik and Sullivan, Katie E. and Fadilah, Risydah and Yahaya, Azizi and Villadolid, Jay (2022) Cross-cultural Differences in Psychological Health During Covid-19. European Journal of Mental Health. ISSN 1788-7119

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Abstract

COVID-19 has affected the entire world including university students. Students are likely to experience COVID-19 related stress that might adversely affect their psychological health and result in use of various coping strategies. This study’s objectives were to examine cross-cultural differences and the relationships between stress, psychological health, and coping among university students during the pandemic. Furthermore, the study explored whether coping strategies mediated the relationship between psychological health and perceived distress for this population. University students (n=703) were recruited via convenience sampling from Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Participants completed an online quantitative questionnaire consisting of general demographics, the Perceived Stress Scale, the General Health Questionnaire, and the Brief-COPE. Perceived psychological distress was significantly associated with poorer general psychological health and both were associated with dysfunctional coping. Among all countries involved, psychological health mediated the relationship between perceived distress and dysfunctional coping. Students from individualistic cultures reported higher stress and poorer psychological health when compared to those from collectivistic countries. The latter tended to engage in more emotion-focused and problem-focused coping and used more dysfunctional coping strategies than the former. Future research should explore other mediators and moderators that affect university students’ responses to pandemics and should include longitudinal studies with larger samples. Findings emphasise the need for providing university students mental health support during and after COVID-19. Moreover, it is important to develop and research empirically based strategies for reducing their stress and psychological distress through effective and culturally appropriate coping strategies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: coping; cross-cultural; COVID-19; psychological health; stress; university students
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Institutes and Academies > Institute of Education and Humanities > Academic Discipline: Psychology and Counselling
Depositing User: Dr Paul B Hutchings
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2022 09:56
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 14:16
URI: https://repository.uwtsd.ac.uk/id/eprint/1928

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