Bioarchaeological evidence of one of the earliest Islamic burials in the Levant

Srigyan, Megha and Bolívar, Héctor and Ureña, Irene and Santana, Jonathan and Petersen, Andrew and Iriarte, Eneko and Kırdök, Emrah and Bergfeldt, Nora and Mora, Alice and Jakobsson, Mattias and Abdo, Khaled and Braemer, Frank and Smith, Colin and Ibañez, Juan José and Götherström, Anders and Günther, Torsten and Valdiosera, Cristina (2022) Bioarchaeological evidence of one of the earliest Islamic burials in the Levant. Communications Biology, 5 (1). p. 554. ISSN 2399-3642

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Abstract

Abstract: The Middle East plays a central role in human history harbouring a vast diversity of ethnic, cultural and religious groups. However, much remains to be understood about past and present genomic diversity in this region. Here we present a multidisciplinary bioarchaeological analysis of two individuals dated to the late 7th and early 8th centuries, the Umayyad Era, from Tell Qarassa, an open-air site in modern-day Syria. Radiocarbon dates and burial type are consistent with one of the earliest Islamic Arab burials in the Levant. Interestingly, we found genomic similarity to a genotyped group of modern-day Bedouins and Saudi rather than to most neighbouring Levantine groups. This study represents the genomic analysis of a secondary use site with characteristics consistent with an early Islamic burial in the Levant. We discuss our findings and possible historic scenarios in the light of forces such as genetic drift and their possible interaction with religious and cultural processes (including diet and subsistence practices).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router ** History: received 22-02-2021; registration 20-05-2022; accepted 20-05-2022; pub-electronic 07-06-2022; online 07-06-2022; collection 12-2022. ** Licence for this article: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D051 Ancient History
D History General and Old World > DS Asia
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Depositing User: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2022 11:27
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2022 09:06
URI: https://repository.uwtsd.ac.uk/id/eprint/2008

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