Gendered Self-Views Across 62 Countries: A Test of Competing Models

Kosakowska-Berezecka, Natasza and Bosson, Jennifer and Jurek, Pawel and Besta, Tomasz and Olech, Michal and Vandello, Joseph and Bender, Michael and Hutchings, Paul B. and Sullivan, Katie E. and Zadkowska, Magdalena (2022) Gendered Self-Views Across 62 Countries: A Test of Competing Models. Social Psychological and Personality Science.

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Official URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/194855062...

Abstract

Social role theory posits that binary gender gaps in agency and communion should be larger in less egalitarian countries, reflecting these countries’ more pronounced sex-based power divisions. Conversely, evolutionary and self-construal theorists suggest that gender gaps in agency and communion should be larger in more egalitarian countries, reflecting the greater autonomy support and flexible self-construction processes present in these countries. Using data from 62 countries (N = 28,640), we examine binary gender gaps in agentic and communal self-views as a function of country-level objective gender equality (the Global Gender Gap Index) and subjective distributions of social power (the Power Distance Index). Findings show that in more egalitarian countries, gender gaps in agency are smaller and gender gaps in communality are larger. These patterns are driven primarily by cross-country differences in men’s self-views and by the Power Distance Index (PDI) more robustly than the Global Gender Gap Index (GGGI). We consider possible causes and implications of these findings.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: communality agency self-views binary sex differences egalitarianism gender equality
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Institutes and Academies > Institute of Education and Humanities > Academic Discipline: Psychology and Counselling
Depositing User: Dr Paul B Hutchings
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2022 13:47
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2022 11:57
URI: https://repository.uwtsd.ac.uk/id/eprint/2143

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