The influence of leadership styles and social capital in organisational effectiveness: a study of social enterprises in Vietnam

Bach, Oanh Thi Thao (2023) The influence of leadership styles and social capital in organisational effectiveness: a study of social enterprises in Vietnam. Doctoral thesis, University of Wales Trinity Saint David.

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Abstract

Vietnam’s economy has rapidly transformed over the past few decades. Despite this, the country has faced social problems and the need for environmental sustainability. Social enterprises are businesses aiming to address these social challenges. Nevertheless, the academic literature in terms of social entrepreneurship and social enterprises in Vietnam has been found limited. Specifically, there is no research exploring the importance of leadership and social capital in social enterprises in Vietnam. Therefore, the goal of this study is to increase awareness of social enterprises, explore the role of leadership styles and social ties in the existence and success of a social enterprise in a specific context of a lower-middle-income country that had been recognised as one of the world’s poorest countries before, and further inspire the Vietnamese Government’s planning and enforcement of more practical and effective social policies. In order to achieve these aims, there are three research questions being constructed: Research question 1: What are the influences of leadership styles on organisational effectiveness in selected social enterprises? Research question 2: What are the influences of social capital on organisational effectiveness in selected social enterprises? Research question 3: What state policy can be recommended for enhancing the effectiveness of social enterprises in Vietnam through leadership and social capital? A qualitative research approach was undertaken in the study. A wide range of views and perspectives from different relevant stakeholders were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews. In addition, there were short questionnaires completed by employees in each social enterprise in order to identify their social entrepreneur’s leadership styles. The results of the questionnaires supported the theme which is the extent to which leadership styles influence the effectiveness of a social enterprise. In the findings, regarding the data collected from questionnaires and interviews, in the first phase of data analysis, leadership styles, and different social ties were identified and classified. In the second phase, a conceptual framework was used in order to assess the organisational effectiveness of social enterprises, along with analyses of leadership styles and social capital themes. This study contributes to the existing literature on social entrepreneurship and social enterprises in Vietnam by adding new practical knowledge in terms of the impacts of leadership styles and social capital on organisational effectiveness which has been found difficult to assess in social enterprises as opposed to commercial firms. In particular, it is expected that the unexplored areas and new knowledge can offer inspirable lenses for theoretical discussions among Vietnamese third-sector scholars, practitioners, and policy-makers.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
Divisions: Theses and Dissertations > Doctoral Theses
Depositing User: Lesley Cresswell
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2023 15:44
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2023 15:45
URI: https://repository.uwtsd.ac.uk/id/eprint/2518

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