Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Analysis of Observational Drawing

Chamberlain, R. and McManus, I.C. and Brunswick, N. and Rankin, Q. and Riley, Howard and Kanai, R. (2014) Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Analysis of Observational Drawing. NeuroImage, 96. pp. 167-173. ISSN 1053-8119

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Abstract

Structural brain differences in relation to expertise have been demonstrated in a number of domains including visual perception, spatial navigation, complex motor skills and musical ability. However no studies have assessed the structural differences associated with representational skills in visual art. As training artists are inclined to be a heterogeneous group in terms of their subject matter and chosen media, it was of interest to investigate whether there would be any consistent changes in neural structure in response to increasing representational drawing skill. In the current study a cohort of 44 graduate and post-graduate art students and non-art students completed drawing tasks. Scores on these tasks were then correlated with the regional grey and white matter volume in cortical and subcortical structures. An increase in grey matter density in the left anterior cerebellum and the right medial frontal gyrus was observed in relation to observational drawing ability, whereas artistic training (art students vs. non-art students) was correlated with increased grey matter density in the right precuneus. This suggests that observational drawing ability relates to changes in structures pertaining to fine motor control and procedural memory, and that artistic training in addition is associated with enhancement of structures pertaining to visual imagery. The findings corroborate the findings of small-scale fMRI studies and provide insights into the properties of the developing artistic brain.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Structural brain differences, Visual art, Art, Drawing,Cerebellum, Voxel-based morphology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
N Fine Arts > NC Drawing Design Illustration
Divisions: Faculties > Faculty of Art and Design
Depositing User: Professor Howard Riley
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2017 13:14
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2017 09:55
URI: http://repository.uwtsd.ac.uk/id/eprint/754

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